WBR – Rifle Type Categories Shotgun.
Shotguns are not a new piece of firearm technology. They have been used by the military and law enforcement for many years.
Shotguns, like rifles, have a variety of action types, including single-shot and repeating. Over-and-under and side-by-side break action shotguns are by far the most popular non-repeating designs. Most modern repeating shotguns are either pump-action or semi-automatic, with some being fully automatic, lever-action, or bolt-action.
Shotguns are typically smoothbore firearms, with no rifling on the inner wall of the gun barrel, but rifled barrels for shooting slugs (slug barrels) are also available.

Defining a Shotgun rifle
Definitions of a shotgun include the following: a firearm that is designed to be fired from the shoulder and to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun shell to fire through a smooth bore either a number of projectiles (ball shot), or a single projectile for each pull of the trigger.
Shotguns are available in a wide range of calibers and gauges, ranging from 5.5 mm (.22 inch) to 5 cm (2.0 in), with the most common bores being 12-gauge (18.53 mm or 0.729 in) and 20-gauge (15.63 mm or 0.615 in). Almost all are breechloading and can be single-barreled, double-barreled, or a combination of the two.

The History of Shotgun Rifles
In the 18th century, smoothbore firearms (such as the musket) were widely used by armies. The muzzleloading blunderbuss, the shotgun’s direct ancestor, was also used in similar roles ranging from self-defense to riot control.
Shotguns were popular among cavalry troops in the early to mid-nineteenth century due to their ease of use and overall effectiveness on the move, as well as coachmen due to their substantial power.
However, by the late nineteenth century, breechloading rifled firearms firing spin-stabilized cylindro-conoidal bullets had largely replaced these weapons on the battlefield, as they were far more accurate and had longer effective ranges.
The military value of shotguns was rediscovered during World War I, when American forces used pump-action Winchester Model 1897s to great effect in trench fighting.
The shotgun began to emerge as a distinct entity with the adoption of smaller bores and rifled barrels.
Since the development of the boxlock action in 1875, the double-barreled shotgun has changed little. Modern innovations like interchangeable chokes and subgauge inserts have made the double-barreled shotgun.
From the late twentieth century to the present the shotgun has remained a specialty weapon for modern armies.
It has been used for specialized tasks where its strengths have been put to good use. Shotguns were used to defend machine gun emplacements during the Korean War, American and French jungle patrols used shotguns during the Vietnam War, shotguns were extensively used as door breaching and close quarter weapons in the early stages of the Iraq War.
For the law enforcement market, a variety of specialty less-lethal or non-lethal ammunitions, such as tear gas shells, bean bags, flares, explosive sonic stun rounds, and rubber projectiles, are packaged in 12-gauge shotgun shells.
In the hunting community, the shotgun has become a common firearm.

Pros & Cons of Shotgun Rifles
Shotguns, like rimfire or centerfire rifles, have advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of Shotgun Rifles
The primary benefit of using a shotgun for self-defense is that it fires multiple projectiles with each trigger pull. That is an advantage because the pellets spread out and you don’t have to aim and you can create more than one hole at a time in your target.
Another benefit is adaptability. Changing the barrels and ammo is simple, and the shotgun can be used in a variety of situations.

Disadvantages of Shotgun Rifles
One of the biggest disadvantages is that shotguns have a limited supply of ammunition. In the best-case scenario, you’re limited to 8-10 rounds.
Shotguns also have a lot of recoil, and are larger than other types of defensive weapons.

Uses of Shotgun Rifles
Shotguns are typically used against small, fast-moving targets, often while in the air. Instead of having to aim precisely, the spread of the shot allows the user to point the shotgun close to the target.
Shotguns are typically used at short ranges due to their limited range and penetration of the shot. Larger shot sizes, up to and including the single projectile slug load, result in greater penetration at the expense of fewer projectiles and a lower probability of hitting the target.
Shotguns are commonly used in sports such as skeet shooting, trap shooting, and sporting clays. Shooting clay discs, also known as clay pigeons, thrown in by hand and machine is involved. The
The shotgun is popular for bird hunting but it is also used for more general forms of hunting, particularly in semi-populated areas where rifle bullet range may pose a hazard.

Maintaining a Shotgun Rifle
The first rule of shotgun care is to give them a five-minute wipe-down after each shot. It’s the best way to prevent rust and corrosion and keep your shotgun clean at all times.

Products & Tools To Maintain Your Shotgun Rifle
It is advised to give your shotgun an annual professional cleaning service.
When combining a professional cleaning once a year with regular maintenance, a sound shotgun should last a lifetime.
Have the following ready for regular maintenance:
Cleaning rod and attachment
Phosphor-bronze brush
Cotton mop
Brass jag
Cleaning roll/patches and cloth
Chamber brush
Cotton buds
Gun oil for barrels, grease for hinges and bites, silicone oil for woodwork

The Procedure to Clean Your Shotgun Rifle
Disassemble the gun and remove the fore-end.
Begin by cleaning the breech area and ejectors, pushing them out and sweeping away dirt and unburnt powder with a toothbrush. A cotton bud can be useful in cleaning in difficult-to-reach places.
Examine the insides of the barrels and spray a little gun cleaner down each tube. Starting with the chambers, scrub away powder or plastic residue with the chamber brush.
Use the cleaning rod with the phosphor bronze brush attachment and run it up and down the inside of each barrel, making sure to reach all the way up to the chokes and all the way back down to the chambers. Repeat to dislodge any deposits. The solvent in the gun cleaner will aid in the removal of stubborn dirt.
Change the rod attachment to the brass jag and add a piece of cleaning roll. The roll should be small enough to allow you to push the rod all the way to the end but large enough to force the dirt out.
Repeat the movements with new pieces of roll until it comes out clean.
To clean the insides of the barrels, use a cotton mop and a small amount of gun oil. Attaching this to the rod and running it through the barrels thoroughly cleans the insides and applies a thin, even coat of oil.
After a final wipe of the ejectors to remove any dirt that has come out while cleaning, the barrels are ready to be reinstalled and you can attend to the action.
Brush the exposed metalwork with a toothbrush. A cotton bud can be used to reach into the small fiddly areas.
To begin cleaning the stock, run a clean toothbrush through the chequering to remove any hidden mud. Before applying the oil, wipe the stock down with a clean cloth to remove any surface dirt. A silicone cloth and silicone oil are excellent cleaning tools because they can be used on both the stock and the barrels.
After the shotgun has been thoroughly cleaned, apply a small amount of grease to the metalwork’s knuckle, barrel lumps, and fore-end loop. Then reattach the barrels to the action and the fore-end.

What Kind of Shotgun Is Best for Self Defense?
The 12-gauge shotgun is the best shotgun for home defense but a 20-gauge shotgun also have enough power to stop an intruder in his tracks.
What Is The Average Price of a Real Shotgun?
The average price of a real shotgun is around R10 000.
What Is The Most Popular Shotgun Caliber?
The most popular shotgun calive is the 12 Gauge.
Roughly 50% of shotgun sales in the United States are 12 gauge. It’s the most versatile of all the gauges with a large variety of ammunition choices.
What Shotgun Is Best for Allround Hunting?
The 12-Gauge Shotgun (Any Action) is best for allround hunting. It can do triple-duty on birds, small game, and large game. They’re also relatively cheap, the ammunition is readily available and they are easy to maintain.
Is It Worthwhile to Purchase a Shotgun?
Yes, it is worthwhile to purchase a shotgun.
Shotguns are ideal for home defense because they come in a variety of sizes and you can use non-lethal rounds, birdshot, buckshot, and slugs on someone that tries to enter your home.
Which Is More Effective, a Rifle or a Shotgun?
A shotgun is more effective for bird hunting or shooting at aerial targets while a rifle is better for precise target shooting and hunting larger game.

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